With no end to its 10 nm transition woes in sight (at least not until late-2019), Intel is left with refinement of its existing CPU micro-architectures on the 14 nanometer node. The client-desktop segment sees the introduction of the 'Whiskey Lake' (aka Coffee Lake Refresh) later this year; while the enterprise segment gets the 14 nm 'Cascade Lake.' To its credit, Cascade Lake introduces a few major platform innovations, such as support for Optane Persistent Memory, silicon-level hardening against recent security vulnerabilities, and Deep Learning Boost, which is hardware-accelerated neural net building/training, and the introduction of VNNI (Variable Length Neural Network Instructions). 'Cascade Lake' makes its debut towards the end of 2018. It will be succeeded in 2019 by Ice Lake the new 'Cooper Lake' architecture.